Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics, and including several countries. The term Southern Africa, generally includes:
- South Africa
From a political perspective the region is said to be uni polar with South Africa as a first regional power.
Southern Africa has a wide diversity of Eco regions including grassland, bush veld, karoo, Savannah and riparian zones. Even though considerable disturbance has occurred in some regions from habitat loss due to human overpopulation or export-focused development, there remain significant numbers of various wildlife species, including white rhino, lion, leopard, impala, kudu, blue wildebeest, vervet monkey and elephant. It has complex Plateaus that create massive mountain structures along the South African border.
There are numerous environmental issues in Southern Africa, including air pollution and desertification.