Karuma is a wildlife reserve located in Masindi District, Western Region in Uganda. Karuma Wildlife Reserve lies in an enclave of protected areas which comprise of Murchison Falls National Park, Bugungu Wildlife Reserve, Kaniyo Pabidi and Budongo Forest Reserves. This system of protected areas mostly lies in Masindi District western Uganda and was traditionally an expansive ranging ground for large game like elephants and buffaloes besides the smaller species.
The reserve was gazetted as a Game Reserve 1964, the original conception was for the reserve to act as a buffer zone between Murchison Falls National Park (MENP) and the adjacent villages and other un-protected areas. However over the years, the reserve was slowly losing its role of buffering against animal incursion from park to the surroundings and instead now seems to buffer the park against pressure from human population expansion.
There is a lot of wildlife to see there including birds, butterflies, buffaloes, antelopes, warthogs and other mammals among others.